Ethics in Psychology

Ethics Information
The ethics home page at the American Psychological Association. Includes links to the ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct; APA's Ethics Committee rules and procedures; Guidelines for ethical conduct in the care and use of animals; and, research with animals in psychology. Each link is listed separately below.

British Code of Ethics and Conduct by the British Psychological Society

Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct
Outlines the ethical code of conduct that psychologists should follow in their professions. Includes detailed information on the protection of human and animal subjects.

APA's Ethics Committee
An overview of the work, mission and goals of the Ethics Committee. Provides rules and procedures of the committee.

Institutional Review Boards
IRBs must approve proposed non-exempt research before involvement of human subjects may begin.

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Guidebook (Link down, please click on PDF to view the Guidebook)
An overview of the instituitional review board. Includes history of the human subjects protection system, the Belmont report and suggestions for further reading. Click on the hyperlink below to open the PDF.


The Nuremberg Code
The code that led to the development of ethical principles in working with human subjects.

Code of Federal Regulations for the Protection of Human Subjects
Regulations for the protection of human subjects.

Office for Human Research Protections, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services
Overview of work of the advisory committee on human research protections and statement on children involved in research.

Office of Research Integrity
The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) oversees and directs Public Health Service (PHS) research integrity activities on behalf of the Secretary of Health and Human Services with the exception of the regulatory research integrity activities of the Food and Drug Administration.

The Belmont Report-Ethical Principles
Guidelines for the protection of human subjects.

Use of Human Subjects in Research: A Bibliography

Video and Tutorials

History of Informed Consent
An overview of the history and significance of informed consent in research in psychological science.

Research Ethics
An overview of the importance of ethics in  psychological science research.

The Lab: Avoiding Research Misconduct--Ethical Decision Making
In "The Lab: Avoiding Research Misconduct," you become the lead characters in an interactive movie and make decisions about integrity in research that can have long-term consequences. The simulation addresses Responsible Conduct of Research topics such as avoiding research misconduct, mentorship responsibilities, handling of data, responsible authorship, and questionable research practices.
**Highly Recommended!

Ethics and Human Research

Henrietta Lacks

Editor’s Note: Ethics and Genetics

Health-Care Injustice

Henrietta Lacks's Cells were Priceless, but her Family Can't Afford a Hospital
Tissues taken from cancer victim Henrietta Lacks in 1951 have made big profits for the drug companies, but today her surviving children can't afford health insurance.
Henrietta Everlasting: 1950s Cells Still Alive, Helping Science
In 1951, an African-American woman named Henrietta Lacks went to Johns Hopkins Hospital to be treated for cervical cancer. Unbeknownst to her, cells from her biopsy were made available to biological researchers.

Immortal Cells, Enduring Issues

The Immortal Henrietta Lacks: The Gift of Immortal Cells
A CBS News Report on Henrietta Lacks.

      Videos on Henrietta Lacks

Rebecca Skloot on “The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks”  
Extended discussion with author Rebecca Skloot, author of the best-selling book, “The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks.” Johns Hopkins University announced plans this week to name a new research building after Lacks, an African-American woman who permanently changed modern medicine nearly 70 years ago when it was discovered that her cells could live forever. These “immortal cells” have helped scientists produce remedies for numerous diseases, including the first polio vaccine, that have saved hundreds of thousands of lives. But Lacks’s cells were taken without her consent when she was a patient at Johns Hopkins University Hospital in 1951.

Rebecca Skloot: The Story of HeLa
Henrietta Lacks-The Immortal Woman
Henrietta Lacks' 'Immortal' Impact on Medical Research
Henrietta Lacks died 62 years ago, but her cells -- known as HeLa -- live on through scientific research, having led to world-changing medical advances for decades. Margaret Warner talks to Dr. Francis Collins of the National Institutes of Health about a new agreement made with the Lacks' family over control of her DNA legacy.
Henrietta Lacks Family

Panel Discussion: The Life and Legacy of Henrietta Lacks

Seeking Henrietta

Henrietta Lacks | Her Impact and Our Outreach

The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

Human Guinea Pigs
History of Experimentation on Humans.

The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment
The U.S. government's 40-year experiment on black men with syphilis.

Tuskegee's Truths: Rethinking the Tuskegee Syphilis Study
Tuskegee 's Truths: Rethinking the Tuskegee Syphilis Study is an excellent edited collection that explores the notorious forty-year United States Public Health Service study of untreated syphilis in poor, African-American men. Editor Susan M. Reverby has crafted a commendable volume that consists of historical documents, artistic considerations, and scholarly analyses related to the experiment. Reverby's finest and most praiseworthy decision was to include opinions and arguments.

Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment
History,facts, bad blood, bad science.
Remembering Tuskegee
Syphilis study still provokes disbelief, sadness.

The Tuskegee Timeline

Videos on the Tuskegee Experiment

The Dark History of Medical Experimentation from the Nazis to Tuskegee to Puerto Rico | Democracy Now!

The Deadly Deception-1993 Rare Documentary

The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

The Tuskegee Syphilis Project

Tuskegee Documentary-How Ethical is Ethical?

Tuskegee Syphillis Study

Video on the Guatemala Experiment

Researcher 'Floored' by Discovery of Intentional Infections in Guatemala

Radiation Experiments on Black People Left Holes in their Heads

Eugenicist Movement in America: Victims Coming Forward


Ethics and Animal Research

Guidelines for the Ethical Conduct of the Care and Use of Animals in Research
Outlines the American Psychological Association's policies and guidelines on the care and use of animals in research.

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA)
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), with more than 2 million members and supporters, is the largest animal rights organization in the world.PETA focuses its attention on the four areas in which the largest numbers of animals suffer the most intensely for the longest periods of time: on factory farms, in laboratories, in the clothing trade, and in the entertainment industry. We also work on a variety of other issues, including the cruel killing of beavers, birds and other "pests," and the abuse of backyard dogs. PETA works through public education, cruelty investigations, research, animal rescue, legislation, special events, celebrity involvement, and protest campaigns.

Organization promoting animal welfare in psychology.

Research with Animals in Psychology
The reasons for animal use in research as outlined by APA.

The Canadian Council on Animal Care
An interesting site on the care and use of animals.  Includes an international workshop on development of science-based guidelines for laboratory animal care; and, facts and figures on animal use in research.