GUIDELINES FOR PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION
OF EARLY AND MIDDLE CHILDHOOD
How is your child growing and developing during this period called “early childhood.” What changes in
What’s happening in the child’s brain relative to development? Is the brain finished growing?
How does emotional well-being in childhood influence physical development?
What do you need to know about nutrition and your child? What are you feeding your child?
If you are raising your child as a vegetarian, from what specialists are you getting advice? Are you still
Are you giving your children vitamin supplements? If so, which vitamins?
What childhood illnesses do you need to watch out for? Is your child’s immune system mature yet?
How often do you need to get medical and dental checkups? What about vaccines?
What are some common illnesses during early childhood, if any? What particular accidents should you be
What are the main motor achievements during early childhood? What are you doing to encourage motor
development in your child?
Where are children in their cognitive development – based on Piaget and Vygotsky? How would
you assess their cognitive development. Are there any immature or not so developed aspects of young
If you wanted to measure your child’s IQ, how would you do this? Will you have an IQ test administered?
If so, which one?
How will you encourage and help your child develop creativity?
How does language improve, and what happens when its development is delayed?
What will you do to encourage and improve your child’s language development?
Will your child be in an early childhood education program? Which one? How will you
help your child make the transition to kindergarten?
What about memory? How does it expand in early childhood? How will you teach your
child the phone number and address, parents’ names, etc?
What are the sleep and dream patterns among children in this developmental period?
How will you look out for child abuse?
Where is your child going to school? Public or Private? What kind of educational program and why?
Is your child a bed -wetter? What do you plan to do about it?
What are the environmental risks to children that you need to monitor and pay close attention to?
How does the self-concept develop in early childhood and how will you help the child develop a
sense of self and of competency?
How will you help your child understand their gender?
Describe your child’s personality and what aspects of your parenting helped to mold your
What positive behaviors do you want your child to display? Why?
What will be your childrearing practices?
Will you use punishment? If yes, what type - please describe. How will you punish?
If you will not use punishment, what methods will you use to discourage undesirable behavior?
What is the role of play in childhood? How does play contribute to and reflect on development?
How will you structure play for your child? Can you provide some examples ?
What type of toys will you purchase for your child? How safe are your child’s toys?
How educational are your child’s toys?
How will you help your child develop initiative, as outlined in Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development?
To what extent would you like your children to adopt your values and behavioral standards?
you give examples?
What will be your parenting style? How will you help your child learn the world?
What world view will you give your child?
Redfield provides an excellent point about the importance of parents remaining centered when
disciplining their child. He believes parents must guard against th more subtle forms of abuse –
draining a child’s energy just by the way you interact with the child. How will you interact and
respond to your child? Redfield says that “children must be stopped when they are mistreating
others or ignoring the realties of the world. The parent must teach children with a kind of tough love.
Learning how to live with others - becoming socialized - is what our children come to us for, and to
fail in these lessons is to let them down. We must find a way to teach our children consequences without
oppressing them in the process.” How will you do this?
Why do you think your child chose you as their parents?
Will you teach your child to be altruistic – such as offer help to strangers?
Will you allow your child to be fearful? Aggressive?
Is your child an only child? If your child has siblings, how are you teaching the child to interact with siblings?
Where is the child in its development of moral reasoning?
How will you prepare your child for first grade and the rest of elementary school?
What will you do to create an enriched environment to support the child’s educational needs and
to insure academic achievement?
Is you relationship changing with the child during the school-age years?
What do you see as the important role of fathers during early and middle childhood?
Is mother and father still together as a couple? If so, how are you interacting with each other
in front of your child?
How will you expect your child to interact with other family members such as aunts, uncles,
grandparents, etc. What will you expect them to do to support your child’ s development?
How much television will your child watch? What other supportive things will you provide for your
children to substitute for television?
Is your child experiencing any emotional or behavior problems? How will you resolve them?
What will you do to support an exceptional child - such as a gifted, creative or talented child? What will
you do to support a child with learning disabilities or some other handicap?
What about spiritual development for your child and family? Will you promote this? Is so how?
Compare and contrast these areas in early childhood with changes in development during middle
childhood. Who will your child be at the end of middle childhood? Describe him or her. What factors,
including your parenting and the child’s interactions with others, contributed to who your child has become?
Are you happy with this child as a person at this point?
What goals are you and the child setting for the future?