Northern Virginia Community College - Loudoun Campus
Developmental Psychology 230, 231 & 235
Dr. Rosalyn M. King, Professor
Please answer all questions thoughtfully and concisely. Integrate textbook, lecture, designated links and other scholarly resource information and theories with your own knowledge and understanding. Each response should be no longer than 3 single-spaced typewritten page with a double space in between paragraphs. You must answer all 7 questions. Each question is worth between 10-20 points as indicated. Please type your paper and include a cover page, along with your signed honor code and pledge statement. Use also the Berger Developmental Portal collection of articles, videos, web links and more to support your responses.
Exams are due on the designated date provided in class. Late exams will be penalized. Please number your responses and provide a summary heading of the question prior to your response or use the WORD document to type in your responses. Remove the related links.
1. Describe the field of developmental psychology. Discuss the main focus of human development. What are the issues discussed relative to development? What are the special problems that complicate the study of age-related changes across the lifespan? How is research conducted in the field of developmental science? What are the disciplines involved in developmental science?
To develop a comprehensive answer to this question, review your textbook, your class notes and the related learning links on the Overview of Development page on the course website. These links include:
An overview of the field of developmental psychology.
Free articles from Cliff's Notes.
An overview of the field with important links, including lessons, demonstrations and activities.
There are a number of important issues that have been debated throughout the history of developmental psychology. The major questions include the following: Is development due more to genetics or environment? Does development occur slowly and smoothly, or do changes happen in stages? Do early childhood experiences have the greatest impact on development, or are later events equally important?
An overview of methods used in research in the field of developmental psychology. (10 Points)
2. What is the role of developmental theories in the study of human development? Describe how these theories have been classified in developmental research from your class notes (not from the textbook) as they attempt to explain aspects of human development.
What are the precise theories by their developmental focus and their major emphases? Why are these theories important to understanding development? What particular theory do your find intriguing and why?
3. Compare and contrast the similarities and differences in explorations about thought
and knowledge construction from the views of Piaget and Vygotsky. Read the attached PDF files or handout on Piaget’s Genetic Epistemological Theory of Knowledge Construction
and the article on Lev Vygotsky. (Get the PDF from the Course website under lessons, case studies and handouts, Examinations for Psy 230-231-235 at: http://www.psyking.net/id209.htm
Article on Lev Vygotsky's Work
What particular features of Vygotsky’s theory make it very different from Piaget’s theory? How are the two similar?
Conclude this discussion with your overall point of view and assessment of these two theorists and their explanations.
Note: Please read the actual articles and do not take information from the textbook or anywhere else other than the 2 articles or the writings of Piaget and Vygotsky.
4. Describe what genes are and how they influence human development. Identify some important reproductive challenges and choices (including prenatal diagnosis tests and infertility technology).What are the some of the factors that determine whether a couple is at risk for having a child with genetic abnormalities? What is our current state of knowledge about comment genetic abnormalities and their causes? What current scientific research is ongoing in the search for eradication or correction of genetic problems? What should individuals and families know about their family backgrounds, and that of their spouse prior to conception? Where can they go for help?
In addition to the textbook, visit some of the related learning links on the genetics and genetic engineering page on the course website at: http://www.psyking.net/id91.htm. (15 Points)
5. What are the ideal factors for conception–how must both parents prepare for conception? Cite some of the findings from research of the environmental influences on prenatal development–from the father and the mother. What decisions must be made by the parents about the birthing process? What are the critical aspects of assessing the newborn after birth? What must medical professionals be concerned about relative to assessing the health of a newborn and what are the techniques they use to make this assessment? (15 Points)
6. Describe the developmental periods of infancy and toddlerhood. What are the most significant developmental milestones during these developmental periods and why? What did you find significant about infant and toddler development? Why is this first phase of the lifespan so essentially critical to development and survival across all developmental domains? What is the role of parents, caregivers, childhood education specialists, teachers and others to maximize development during these periods? Support your statements with empirical evidence. (20 Points)
7. What is your assessment of this first component of developmental lifespan psychology? What have been the most intriguing aspects of this discussion for you? What questions remain for you? (10 Points)
Download Exam below in a WORD document:
EXAM 2: PART 3
Reflections on Early and Middle Childhood (Part 3 of Exam #2)